To put briefly, the crisis that mankind is facing today, is immeasurable and indescribable, though its root cause is unbelievably small and simple. An often erupting question to the young, but which has always remained unanswered by elders is ‘Why mankind couldn’t understand the teachings of all great teachers?’. In other words, it may be called as the ‘communication gap’. Let us go slowly and examine this issue. No problem can be resolved, without understanding the nature, structure and cause of the problem.

All universally acclaimed or great teachers can be said to have been absolutely free. It is essential to note that mere achieving inner psychological ‘freedom’ doesn’t enable one to be abreast with the knowledge of structure and dynamics of the human mind, to enable others to become free. After all the state of mind can’t be transferred to others, but all can share only their ‘knowledge about it’ with others. This is also often called as ‘Self Knowledge’.

Mere addition of the ‘knowledge of dynamics of mind’ into memory also can’t transform the Consciousness. The freedom-seeking Consciousness has to make use of that knowledge and ‘position or allow itself’ to return to the state of freedom naturally. Thus it is evident that all teachers failed to express, convey or give relevant and accurate knowledge that could help others to liberate themselves easily and quickly.

That knowledge is to just ‘stop or pause’ all intellectual or knowledge using activities or becoming free for a moment consciously and deliberately from memory. The tensed consciousness is already eagerly awaiting to return to its free state. So when there is pause for the intellectual or memory using activity, the Consciousness begins to ‘jump’ back to ‘freedom’ on its own naturally or to correct or set itself right.

Just allow some silence to it, Sir. That is enough. Our mere (in)action is needed for returning to the state of freedom, without the use or interference of knowledge. Let us try to understand it with an example, though it is incomplete, rough and crude.

Crudely and inadequately, mind can be compared to a computer, which often ‘hangs’ to a segment of data in memory. It is causing inaccurate ‘perception’ and consequent inaccurate ‘responses’ resulting in chaos. The noted Philosopher J Krishnamurti rightly named it as ‘Conditioning’ (by memory) of the Consciousness or lack of its freedom.

Understanding the structure and principle of functioning of the human mind seems highly difficult for two reasons viz., 1) Process of mind involves swift movement of energy or Consciousness that can’t be observed by eyes or measured through any sophisticated instrument. Visualization can help one understand the functioning of the mind. 2) The disorder in human consciousness isn’t an added, acquired or even a pathological one that can be cured by some external medicines. It is only due to an avoidable error of parents during the growing years of the brain. It can be crudely compared to a manufacturing defect.

The disorder is simply an aberration or the split of consciousness that took place during the growing years of the Consciousness, which also grows along and within the brain, before and after birth for a considerable time. Since it is taking place during the growing years of the brain, it can be likened or compared to a ‘manufacturing defect’. Of course, the silver lining is that it is preventable in children as well as self-correctable during adulthood.

Following graph shows how human knowledge about Consciousness is advancing over the millennia. Yet it hasn’t become 100% effective. Diagram may neither be complete nor accurate as only few teachers have been showcased, whose expressions brought a paradigm shift in understanding the structure and role of ‘Consciousness’. If ‘Self-knowledge’ had preceded other knowledge, the present mess could have been avoided.

                                TIMELINE FOR ADVANCEMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

The above schematic graph shows that the percntage of effectiveness of each new finding has been increasing, from the pre-vedic period till date.

1. I am the Consciousness — Ashtavakra, Pre Vedic Saint ( 20K Yrs ago)
2. Reason (knowledge in memory) sustains misery — Buddha (563–480 CE)
3. “Aham Brahmasmi” — I’m the God — Adi Shankara (788–820 CE)
4. All problems are due to ‘conditioning’ — J Krishnamurti (1895–1986)
5. Consciousness or the ‘I’ is free and independent in all, in normal state. It perceives and responds to situations by using memory. Split or damage in Consciousness causes ‘conditioning’ with some segment of knowledge in memory, resulting in error in perception & responses, which are causing all problems of mankind — Author, An Independent Researcher in Psychology

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Inaccurate knowledge about the Mind, is sustaining the Fragmentation of intelligence.

Inaccurate knowledge about the Mind, is sustaining the Fragmentation of intelligence.   ( For  power point presentation see

Fragmented intelligence can’t be conditioned to accurate knowledge or ideas of Truth in memory, but only to inaccurate knowledge in memory. It is because, replay of inaccurate knowledge prompts the human intelligence to go on a wild goose chase, giving pleasure, escape or diversion from sorrow.

This statement goes to say that True or accurate knowledge itself was not found so far. Many Religious texts have also said that ‘True knowledge alone liberates mankind’. This also can be used to confirm that the true knowledge wasn’t found so far. If it was found, human intelligence couldn’t have remained in this bondage so far. True knowledge means only the actual description or diagnosis of the ailment or the injury. Because, human intelligence has the amazing ability to overcome its own lacuna, injury or the aberration, as soon as it discovers or comes to know the nature of actual damage.

Next question that may usually arise is ‘Why then the human intelligence in everyone, has been unable to discover its own lacuna or damage?’ The answer is not far to seek. Firstly, human intelligence is damaged due to an error in upbringing or the growing years of the brain and then it is fed only with inaccurate knowledge, whereby the intelligence is unable to understand its own amazing abiity. Secondly, wherever human intelligence has been raised without an error in upbringing, the basic knowledge about the structure, principle, operation and application of intelligence are not provided.

Further, a conditioned mind can’ be de-conditioned by merely giving to it the accurate set of knowledge. For instance, if a person is bonded to wrong or inaccurate information, it is not the wrong knowledge alone that is responsible, but the tendency and quality nature of gluing or binding of the intelligence, to the lifeless recording in memory, caused by fragmentation. The Intelligence has to meditate to allow the fragmentation to cease on its own.

An unfragmented intelligence can’t be conditioned or bound to any knowledge at all. What about the glue that is binding. That is the fear or the conditioning that is holding on to pieces in memory.

It is undeniable that average present human behavior is not conducive to the stability and harmony in the world. Not only the environment is badly degraded but also human inter-actions have become highly conflicting.

Present human problem is twofold. 1) Energy or the ‘I’ is getting damaged due to an error in the growing years of the brain, and 2) Wrong or inaccurate knowledge is also fed to it by the society and surroundings, and often unknowingly through text books also.

Error in upbringing children, resulting in aberration in consciousness.

Lack of harmony in its performance is like volage fluctuation in a gadget.

Most lessons at home or schools and society prescribe or advise:

Competiion and imitation of ideals, need for effortful performance etc., for the so called success in life, achieved by a few.

Present Average Human behavior has lost the originally built in harmony. It is restless and often violent.

The ‘I’ is unable to save   itself, mankind or environment.


The section of mankind that can ‘make or mar’ the world!

Great Teachers, whether Religious, Political or otherwise intellectual, produced and shared their ideas to benefit mankind. Teachers were undoubtedly free or nearly free, but their ideas can’t always be termed complete or accurate, particularly when relating to the liberation of human mind. Eventually, the ideas were brought down or reached to the common people, by carriers or leaders, who were articulate and were able to connect with both the teachers and the common men, because of their maximum freedom, available in the still duality dominant state.

Carriers had their own way of understanding the teachings and it may have added further to the already existing but invisible inaccuracy in the teachings. However, these carriers are highly enterprising and have great drive or energy and are the key movers of this world, and hence are called as ‘make or mar’ people, who occupy a small section of society of nearly 3 to 10 % of population. For them, the motivated hope or dream of success of their venture, obscures the picture of futility of the ‘knowledge centric or dominant’ path. Man doesn’t seem to learn from history, that all such ventures have failed in the past and also are failing even now in trying to bring happiness or to liberate mankind.

Leaders are generally influencing, succeeding and forcibly effective in their ventures, because they have the highest possible amount of intelligence (49%), in duality or the emotion dominant state. They may appear to be often noisy and breaking laws, because they are still dominated and motivated by ‘duality’ or fragmentation of intelligence. They follow, twist or often manipulate the ‘dictum’ given by their Religious, Political or otherwise Intellectual mentors, to succeed in their objectives, whatever it may be or whatever they consider right. In other words, they have the maximum ‘energy or drive’, but their ‘direction’ is slightly off the mark, which is evident by the continuing deterioration of the state of the world and also of the poor and the meek population in the world.

Why buy or sell ‘half truths’, which is like single crop seed that too on subscription basis, when permanently yielding ‘absolute truth’ is available almost inexpensively? When leaders are adept in selling anything to the world, it is unimaginable how effectively they could be, when they get the ‘absolute truth’ in their hands, which benefits them as well as everyone from birth to death in all generations.

Leaders are listed in the Row No.4 in the diagram below, who can make or mar the world.

Proof of the pudding is in its eating, not merely carrying it in our back packs!

Proof of the pudding is in its eating, not merely carrying it in our back packs!

 It is already said earlier that we are discussing here as friends, who are serious and concerned about the disharmony in humanity. Obviously there is no pressure, persuasion or encouragement of any sort to accept this author’s theory. It merely states that it is merely like a calibration error in perception that is resulting in all conflicts in mankind. Until non-duality is at least intellectually understood, one may not see the need or attempt to regain it. It needs to be understood and examined rather than accepted.

When Duality is the order of the day, temporary escapes from misery are always arranged to be door delivered. So, the possibility of getting rid of duality is remote. When distractions of duality are both noisy and picturesque, who would like to choose or search for a permanent liberation from duality? Fortunately, duality is not affecting the entire Intelligence or the ‘I’ in all and always, and there is still enough of intelligence left in a large majority of people, who want to see the truth and regain its entirety or return to its non-dual state.

Dual state of mind or Fragmented state of Intelligence is often motivated by its own division, leading to both hyperactivity and inaccurate responses. After the mass communication tools arrived, hyper activity prompted the human intelligence into becoming Knowledge Factories. Most often the new knowledge produced is causing more disharmonies in mankind, because it is motivated and uses memory indiscriminately. Non dual mind can produce only harmonious knowledge, because it has its own checks and balances inherent in it.

Like the proverbial cart put before the horse, Knowledge Dominating Theories (KDT), are springing up like mushrooms, where Knowledge is given precedence over its producer, the Intelligence. If Intelligence was rightly understood and disseminated first as the producer of all knowledge, these theories won’t have arisen so fast. Most of them are irrelevant for the happiness of mankind and they can merely alter, replace, sustain or strengthen the existing conditioning, rather than attempting to liberate the human intelligence from all conditionings once for all. Following diagram illustrates this phenomenon of Knowledge Factories.


Knowledge clusters 1 to 3 indicate the clusters of knowledge according to the volume of the population they concern or relate to. Nearer the truth, more the popularity is, like scientific discoveries (3) that are world class, non-controversial and applicable to whole mankind. Mixed Truths and Half Truths can’t save mankind.

Though great teachers like Shankara first expressed the normal or non-dual state of mind, it still has to go a long way till the whole of humanity or at least the majority retains it or achieves it, to get some lasting peace in the world. We can’t just sit cross legged and pray for a magical change of our minds into the state of non-duality. In other words, to say that the last word has been said on non-duality may be incorrect. After all, it is like the proverbial proof of the pudding is in its eating, not in carrying it in our back pack.



Generally, sensory perception of the ‘I’ or intelligence for the first time is called as information. Then it is stored in memory as knowledge, which we recapitulate from memory as and when necessary. The knowledge goes on growing in volumes by analysis, permutations and combinations with new information continuously. In other words, knowledge is nothing but past perceptions. Thanks to various means, methods, modes of mass communication, human knowledge has grown from Zero to its almost immeasurable quantity today.

For a crude and easy understanding Knowledge can be compared to a commodity and Truth for its purity or accuracy. For instance, if one has to buy some Gold, one has to order the quantity and quality as say, 20 gms (weight) of 24 Carat (purity) of Gold, for the exact description of one’s requirement.

Unlike commodities, knowledge and its purity can’t be standardized in all areas as they depend on the producer and the consumer. Sometimes, its impurity, inaccuracy and ineffectiveness may be found later or never. We may not be able to measure the volumes or grades of knowledge yet. However, we are roughly able to determine and say whether the information received or given is Complete, full or final (in volume) and its Correctness or accuracy (purity) as required at that time.

The quality of the knowledge produced and disseminated can be different from the quality perceived by the receiver of that knowledge, as it is determined by the level of fragmentation of the ‘I’. Only in its non-dual state, the ‘I’ produces the best and relevant knowledge and also sieves the received knowledge accordingly. Since mankind has lost its non-dual state, needless controversies are arising in the field of information.

Many people are needlessly producing, storing, analyzing and using excessive or even inaccurate knowledge, because the ‘I’ is motivated to do so, and also out of wrong advice or knowledge. Minimum Knowledge is enough for man to lead a happy life. For fulfillment of life, some more may be desirable. However, any knowledge which doesn’t meet the criterion of need or fulfillment may be futile.




We have many measuring instruments that have to be set to zero, before taking up any measurement, like dispensers in the gas stations and scales in shops etc.

  1. Similarly, human intelligence has to accurately perceive the situation, since the response has to be matching and equal to it, to restore the original situation, without traces.
  2. Duality is a simple aberration, depriving the Zero or Meditation Mode to the ‘I’ or Consciousness. Duality is a calibration error, not disease.
  3. No one chooses duality or the dual state of mind. It is the result of an unknowingly committed error by parents or elders.
  4. Each person can and has to get rid of it by one self, otherwise one would be committing the same mistakes committed by our predecessors.
  5. Fragmentation has deprived mankind of its unique role of the Protector of the universe. A Non-dual mind is always balanced, to enable it to perceive and respond accurately.
  6. When it sees an imbalanced situation, it merely subtracts or adds appropriate amount of remedy to brings back the same situation, without even a trace of the earlier damage.
  7. Not only that, a large part of mankind seems to have lost even the basic minimal features of the animals to live natural and un-conflicting lives.
  8. Conditioning can be seen in addiction or dependence on some theory or ideology, like Political or Religious ones in memory. It hampers free and unbiased perception of new situations and causes excessive, involuntary and inaccurate responses, especially in critical situations, often leading to violence.
  9.  Diagram shows the ‘I’ or the main or operating intelligence is suffering its own damage or fragmentation as a part of it is involuntarily flowing into memory often. It is causing parallel or dual thinking, confusion, conflicts and sorrow.



Though Non-dual state is the natural, normal and effortless state ofmind, most of the presently popular, motivated and dominating knowledge often says otherwise, thus delaying freedom to mankind.

When the simple, internal, invisible, silent, sole error in flow of human consciousness couldn’t even be identified for so long, how can its elimination come on top priority?

Unlike other discoveries, Duality or Fragmented State of Intelligence seems to have eluded researchers for a long time.Some of its features and reasons are,

a) Knowledge of duality didn’t become popular, as other knowledge dominated and superseded it.

b) Fall in quality of its own perception couldn’t be easily noticed by Intelligence.

c) Duality motivates achievements externally, rather than taking a step back only once to achieve permanent stability.

d) Duality affects the inner structure of intelligence itself, so its location is invisible.

e) Duality doesn’t affect all humans, always or in all interactions simultaneously.

f) Duality affects only in critical or challenging situations, otherwise all seems ok.

g) Duality doesn’t affect routine external performances or discoveries,

h) Duality created emotional ‘I’, which finds fault out side and not inside to rectify, and finally,

i) Duality, by reaching intolerable levels, may wake up mankind from its semi-slumber some day.

Present situation of duality in ‘I’ is like a calf tied with a long rope, which the calf comes to know, only when it comes to its limit and can’t proceed further.

Unlike external discovery, intelligence has to merely observe its own duality, which is only an internal aberration, and soon it begins to fall away.

What is needed is a paradigm shift in the ‘I’ of coming out of the pool of knowledge its part is attached to or drowned in, so that it becomes free forever.



1.Zero is a prerequisite for accuracy in physical measurement or in human Intelligent perception: Both in Mathematics and Philosophy of mind, Indian researchers are said to have discovered  Zero or nothingness with symbol ‘0’ as starting point to measure or respond accurately. Unless the measuring vessel is empty (0) before use, accurate measurement will not be possible. In case of weighing machine or a gas vending machine, or any precision measuring instrument, the reading has to be pre set to zero before use. Similarly, even human mind has to be free from pre-conceptions, if it has to perceive the new situation afresh and accurately.

2. IT IS ALSO THE Meditation State: 

Most, if not all, Indian saints have prescribed Shunyata, Zero, Pure ‘I’ or the Meditation State, as crucial to perceive external event or input accurately, as all responses will be matching and equal to the input, for ending the problem or crisis. Otherwise, only when our response boomerangs or brings up a new problem, we realize that there was an error in perception. If Zero or Meditation state was protected in all during early childhood, there wouldn’t have been any conflict at all and the world would have been a paradise. Fragmentation can be said to be similar to a calibration error in measuring instruments.



Problem isn’t with ‘knowledge’, but its User, who can correct himself !

Principles of functioning of the human mind hasn’t changed over the millennia. Only it wasn’t unraveled so far. Perhaps almost all great teachers began preaching or teaching, after seeing the deterioration in quality of human behavior. Most teachers also knew that human behavior involves ‘knowledge in memory’, and began exclusively focusing on improving ‘education’.

2. When education didn’t change ‘human behavior’, then reforms in education began. First reform in education began perhaps as soon as the first school opened on this earth and is continuing at a very fast pace, with no solution in sight to human problems. Reforms in education may often be necessary and useful, but when its user is in trouble, should we not treat or help him first? Since the USER or the Intelligence or the I was invisible, it didn’t strike or it wasn’t thought that there could be any problem with the user of knowledge.

3. All human performances are made up of 2 components: Like any process or work in nature, human performance or action or behavior is also made of 2 components, viz.,e 1) energy and the 2) material used for the process. Here the performer is the human consciousness or intelligence, who is also called as the ‘I’. The material used is the ‘knowledge stored in memory’. Humans are active intellectually or by using knowledge in memory. Life can be compared to a Horse Cart. Here horse is the Dynamic Intelligence or the ‘I’ or Energy, and it always moves along with its cart or the store house of Static Memory and uses it in all its performances. (see above diagram). Imagine, if the horse had an injury in its feet, then it won’t be steady in its movement. It will either be too fast or too slow or inaccurate or excessive in its movement because of limping.

4. Almost all of the human performance is intellectual or ‘memory using’. If human performance or activities have become harmful, dangerous, excessive, irrelevant and even restless, then Knowledge can’t be its cause, however bad the knowledge may be. Knowledge is only a tool or recording in memory and It is the user or the ‘I’, who is responsible for misusing or negligently or carelessly using that knowledge, without discretion. The ‘I’ has lot its ability of discretion due to a small damage in it.

5. Simple understanding of the damage enables us to get rid of the damages: Large number of people today, often seem to be thinking excessively and involuntarily. Essential thinking is Voluntary. But, most of the involuntary thinking is motivated by the damage or duality of the ‘I’. In the default, natural, normal or non-dual state, thinking is voluntary or optional. To return to its natural or normal undivided or unfragmented state, ‘I’ has to stop all its activities and look inwards. When it takes an about turn, all its intellectual activity like thinking stops. One’s eyes are wide open, like that of a child, but one is not thinking. It is called a Meditation State. It is merely ‘not doing anything’ state. Though it may not happen soon or easily, it is to be understood that it is neither impossible nor it takes too long time to begin the process.

One Page of Psychology as a Pure Science


1. It is often queer that good people are honored and bad people are punished: All babies are born with the same brain and intelligence at birth, but it is a simple avoidable error in bringing them up, which reduces their ability. All babies are potential Buddha or more. The variation in errors causes variations in emotions resulting in a hierarchy in which the least emotional people sit on top, causing downward exploitation. This in turn is resulting in poverty, exploitation, violence and wars. ‘My knowledge is superior to others’ attitude is due to fragmentation, which is breeding wars in mankind. When the ‘I’ is unfragmented, not only it can discover accurate knowledge, but also it will never bond or get stuck with that knowledge. Being free from knowledge is the ultimate freedom of mankind.

2. The difference in studying other subjects and Psychology is in the direction of focus of the ‘I’: To discover other products or processes in nature, the ‘I’ looks outward. However, to study Psychology or mind, the ‘I’ has to look at itself or inwards. Volumes have been written about the activities or applications of the mind, but the Principles of the process of mind were not covered so far. It is for this reason, Psychology couldn’t become a Pure Science and has remained a Social Science.

3. Let us try to study our minds as common people: We are not specialists or experts or some authority. Authorities are generally bound to some or the other kind of knowledge. Possess any or all knowledge, but stay without being bound by them. That is the tip. To become free, only bindings should go, not knowledge.

4. Healthy and normal human minds are only of 2 types, viz., 1) Non-dualistic or Unfragmented state and 2) Dualistic or Fragmented State. Original default Non-dualistic state of mind, is being lost in most of the people, in childhood itself due to an error in upbringing. Most people worldwide are in the Dualistic State, particularly the knowledge specialists. Since fear or withdrawal is a divided part of the same ‘I’, it motivates or prompts the main or remaining ‘I’ or intelligence to use its ability to act or perform. (‘dualist’ is a coined word here for convenience).

5. Humans are like Independent Sophisticated Biological Computers: Human beings are mobile, discreet with lifelong energy producing metabolic system, which can also correct itself from most diseases and injuries, et all. They can be said to have evolved into fine biological mechanisms to discover, live life fully and protect the self and environment completely. Due to duality, not only the extra ordinary ability is lost, but a large part of mankind has become unable to live un-conflictingly even like animals.

6. Study of mind has to begin from the ‘I’, or its dynamic core or energy, towards its outer wear of ‘knowledge’, which is always changing. Human mind is a natural process, made up of 2 components, viz., 1. Energy or Intelligence or the ‘I’ and 2) Knowledge in Memory.


7. In the above diagram: A : The ‘I’ is the flowing Energy or the dynamic part shown as I, which is same in all human beings. In diagram 2, only because the ‘I’ is damaged or fragmented, the ‘I’ has lost its discretion in those conditioned areas. It is stable in some areas and varying in its conditioned or emotional states, marked in Red. Higher the amount of conditioning, higher the amount of provocation into violence.

B: Lifeless or Static part or Memory is shown as B. This can’t be same, as knowledge or experience has to vary in all inevitably. Everyone’s history is different.

8. Non-dual Psychological State comprises of 2 modes as below :

1 a) Meditation or Childlike State, where The ‘I’ is fully in senses, as shown in diagram 1 a) which means the memory is not used, though it is there. There is only perception but there is no response.

1 b) Normal Active State: Intelligence or ‘I’ functions as follows as shown in diagram 1 b. 1) Perceives external events or situations through 5 senses, 2) Processes by using memory by thinking and analyzing, 3) Responds by matching speech or action by limbs instantly, 4) Perceives signals of urges of protection and procreation and responds discreetly in its unfragmented state.

9. Dual Psychological State has no meditation mode : It is almost always in thinking mode, whether in conditioned thinking or in unconditioned thinking. It is interesting to note that the Dual Psychological State is not always facing or experiencing duality or the conditioning. Yet, it is unable to meditate, because it needs complete attention in senses, whereas, a part of intelligence is stuck in a piece or segment of knowledge in memory, as conditioning. Meditation is possible, after duality ceases completely. It is dualistic only in certain conditioned areas, and this varies in volume and in different people. Following diagram shows how Duality has created a hierarchy of fragmented Intelligence in Society.

The performance of the ‘I’ can’t change easily, without changing its mindset or removing its fragmentation. For instance, people who are involved in destroying the environment, can’t easily stop it, even if it is ending of lives for all.